Diabetes, a Threat to Human Lives
Diabetes Mellitus has taken individuals by storm, almost every other person suffers from diabetes today or is susceptible to it. According to a recent report, the prevalence of diabetes is 17.1% which is 148% higher than the previously reported one.
What is Diabetes?
“Sugar”, that is what a lay man calls this disease. There’s a misconception that diabetes is caused by consumption of sugary foods.
Diabetes mellitus has basically two types;
1. Type I Diabetes Mellitus
It is also known as Juvenile diabetes. It is IDDM (Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus). In this type of diabetes the individual needs to take Insulin injections because the body has completely stopped the production of insulin and therefore glucose doesn’t reach the cells and stays locked in the blood.
2. Type II Diabetes Mellitus
In Type II Diabetes Mellitus body makes insulin but the cell receptors have become insensitive to it. This is known as insulin resistance. This type of diabetes is known as NIDDM (Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes mellitus).
What is the Reason behind Sharp Spread of Diabetes?
After getting a short intro to the disease lets look into the causes of Type I and Type II diabetes. Type I diabetes is basically caused by immune system when it begins to destroy its own insulin releasing cells because of which a person then has to take insulin injections. Thus, it can be said that Type I diabetes is caused by immune system, some virus or gene mutations. On the other hand, Type II diabetes is caused by obesity and excessive belly fat. It is often seen in physically inactive individuals and those aged above 40 years.
Are you also Susceptible to Diabetes?
Here’s a checklist to see if you are vulnerable to Diabetes Mellitus. Symptoms of diabetes include;
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive Urination
- Excessive Hunger
- Blur Vision
- Sores that don’t heal
- Sensation of numbness in hands and feet
- Unidentified and unexplained weight loss
Nutrition Intervention for Type I Diabetes
Type I Diabetes Mellitus is Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus and the patients needs a constant dose of insulin to prevent complications. In addition to this, the patients should be taught some basic self care techniques which include;
1. SMBG (Self Monitoring of Blood Glucose Levels)
2. Carbohydrate Counting
3. Exchange List
(Stay Connected to know what these three techniques are)
Nutrition Intervention for Type II Diabetes
Type II diabetes is non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus and is caused by obesity and being overweight. It can be managed through “Weight management”. As obesity is the risk factor for other chronic diseases as well it can put an individual at the risk of CVD, hypertension, dyslipidemia and other associated problems.
Patients with type II diabetes also need to monitor their carbohydrate consumption, fat and protein intake. If patients are suffering from nephropathy then the protein intake must not exceed 20% of dietary energy intake. For Fat, total fat intake should not exceed 25% to 35% of total kcal, and saturated fat intake should not exceed 7%. Intake of trans fat should be minimal. Type II diabetes can also be treated through consumption of fiber. Fiber intake slows down the absorption of glucose. Therefore, maintaining a normal blood glucose level.
Know how of SMBG, Carbohydrate Counting and Exchange List is very important in management of diabetes. Though the usage of medicine is inevitable but appropriate care is also very critical to prevent complications. Keep reading at aandeo to know more about management of diabetes through diet and nutrition interventions.