How can you Manage Type I and Type II Diabetes on your own at Home Now? It’s Simple and Easy!
Have you been diagnosed with diabetes? or your loved one? Stop worrying its not end of the world. You can still manage it. Yes, YOU can! Keep reading the article to know the techniques through which you yourself can live a happy healthy life.
It is well known that Diabetes Mellitus is a harmful disease potent of taking human lives. According to 2019 survey, diabetes was the ninth direct cause of 1.5 million deaths. This complex disease plays havoc with human lives if not attended to properly. Diabetics are vulnerable to other illnesses like hypertension, dyslipidemia, kidney failure, nephropathy and many others. An introduction to diabetes has been provided in the previous article. Now we will discuss the techniques which will help in management of diabetes.
Diabetes is a disease which can’t be undone. Once the insulin producing cells have stopped working one has to rely on artificial insulin source. Moreover, once cells have become resistant to insulin they can only be improved by lifestyle changes and weight management. Let’s have a look at simple and easy techniques which can ensure a healthy life for you by minimizing the complications.
Techniques for Managing Diabetes
- Carbohydrate Counting
- Exchange System
- SMBG ( Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose Levels)
As the name suggests, this is the technique in which the content of carbohydrates in a food is monitored.
It is a well established fact, that post-prandial high levels of glucose are associated with consumption of carbohydrates. And the amount of carbohydrate one consumes should also be known because units of insulin to be injected have to be decided accordingly.
Food carbohydrate sources are starches, fruits, milk/yogurt, and sweets. (Non starchy vegetables do not need to be counted unless eaten in servings containing >15 g of carbohydrates.) Carbohydrates can be counted in one of the following two ways:
• The amount of food containing 15 g carbohydrate counts as one carbohydrate choice.
• Total grams of carbohydrate in a meal or snack can be counted by use of food label information or other sources of nutrient analysis information.
Exchange lists have been easing the lives of human beings since 1950. These simple lists guide an individual about the quantity of three main macronutrients i.e. carbohydrate, fats and protein present in a given food quantity. Thus while planning a meal an individual clearly knows the exchanges of carbohydrate, fat and protein he will be consuming through out the day.
This is how an exchange list looks like:
Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG)
SMBG is the technique by which an individual can monitor his/her blood glucose levels so that hypoglycemia (drop in blood glucose level) and hyperglycemia (spike in blood glucose levels) can be identified timely. Adequate intervals should be decided after which blood glucose levels will be monitored. If hypoglycemia has been diagnosed then the individual should take 15g of glucose immediately so that an individual can be prevented from getting faint. Similarly if hyperglycemia has been seen then a delay in consumption of next meal should be planned. Or the units of insulin to be taken can be identified timely.
In a nutshell, its is to be understood that medicines alone can not treat diabetes. Food a person eats and the way he eats plays an essential role in the management of diabetes. Aandeo is focused at raising awareness related to different diseases and how simple techniques can help manage them efficiently. Keep reading at Aandeo to know more.